How to use React Web Components in Angular

How to use React Web Components in Angular

How to use React Web Components in Angular - this is the second part of the article where we will learn how to use React Web Component in Angular

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Thalava.com
ยทOct 26, 2021ยท

3 min read

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Howdy folks!! In the previous article we learned How to use Angular Web Components in React . In this tutorial we'll learn how to use A React component in an Angular Project ๐Ÿ˜Ž

We'll start with installing our angular project first then slowly install React dependencies and integrate our Components

1. Install Angular CLI if you don't have it already

npm install -g @angular/cli

2. Create a fresh new Angular Project

ng new my-angular-app

3. Add react and react-dom as dev dependency in your project

npm i --save -D @types/react @types/react-dom

You should find these new dependencies added to your project. The version can be a bit upgraded by the time you find this article. Feel free to leave a comment, I'll update this tutorial ๐Ÿ˜‰

"dependencies": {
    ...
    "react": "^17.0.2",
    "react-dom": "^17.0.2",
    ...
  },
"devDependencies": {
    ...
    "@types/react": "^17.0.2",
    "@types/react-dom": "^17.0.2",
    ...
}

We need to add the following property in tsconfig.json in our Angular project for typescript to recognize and compile React components

{
     ... 
     "jsx": "react",
     ...
}

4. Create our React component at the src directory of our angular project

CustomReactComponent.tsx

import * as React from 'react';
import { FunctionComponent, useEffect, useRef, useState } from 'react';

export interface IMyComponentProps {
  counter: number;
  onClick?: () => void;
}

export const CustomReactComponent: FunctionComponent<IMyComponentProps> = (props: IMyComponentProps) => {

  const timerHandle = useRef<number | null>(null);
  const [stateCounter, setStateCounter] = useState(42);

  useEffect(() => {
    timerHandle.current = +setInterval(() => {
      setStateCounter(stateCounter + 1);
    }, 2500);

    return () => {
      if (timerHandle.current) {
        clearInterval(timerHandle.current);
        timerHandle.current = null;
      }
    };
  });

  const {counter: propsCounter, onClick} = props;

  const handleClick = () => {
    if (onClick) {
      onClick();
    }
  };

  return (
    <div>
        <div>Props counter: {propsCounter}
          <button type="button" onClick={handleClick}>click to increase</button>
        </div>
        <div>State counter: {stateCounter}</div>
    </div>
  );
};

Here stateCounter will trigger 2.5 sec after when the component loads and I define a function handleClick which I will operate through my Angular project.

5. Add a wrapper component to generate the web component

CustomReactComponentWrapper.tsx

import {
    AfterViewInit,
    Component,
    ElementRef,
    EventEmitter,
    Input,
    OnChanges,
    OnDestroy,
    Output,
    SimpleChanges,
    ViewChild,
    ViewEncapsulation
} from '@angular/core';
import * as React from 'react';
import * as ReactDOM from 'react-dom';
import { CustomReactComponent } from './CustomReactComponent';


const containerElementName = 'customReactComponentContainer';

@Component({
    selector: 'app-my-component',
    template: `<span #${containerElementName}></span>`,
    // styleUrls: [''],
    encapsulation: ViewEncapsulation.None,
})
export class CustomReactComponentWrapperComponent implements OnChanges, OnDestroy, AfterViewInit {
    @ViewChild(containerElementName, { static: true }) containerRef!: ElementRef;

    @Input() public counter = 10;
    @Output() public componentClick = new EventEmitter<void>();

    constructor() {
        this.handleDivClicked = this.handleDivClicked.bind(this);
    }

    public handleDivClicked() {
        if (this.componentClick) {
            this.componentClick.emit();
            this.render();
        }
    }

    ngOnChanges(changes: SimpleChanges): void {
        this.render();
    }

    ngAfterViewInit() {
        this.render();
    }

    ngOnDestroy() {
        ReactDOM.unmountComponentAtNode(this.containerRef.nativeElement);
    }

    private render() {
        const { counter } = this;

        ReactDOM.render(
            <React.StrictMode>
                <div>
                    <CustomReactComponent counter={counter} onClick={this.handleDivClicked} />
                </div>
            </React.StrictMode>
            , this.containerRef.nativeElement);
    }
}

Here I wrap the React component within a Angular Wrapper Component and generate the web component which I will use at my Angular project to generate the React instance.

6. Add the React web component to our angular web project

I am adding the component at app.component.html for the sake of this tutorial, while working on an actual project you can use the React component within any Angular component in your entire application. app.component.html

<div id="myReactComponentContainer">
  <app-my-component [counter]="counter" (componentClick)="handleOnClick($event)"></app-my-component>
</div>

7. Now add the business logic and events at your app.component.ts and your are all set.. ๐Ÿ˜

export class AppComponent {
  ...
  public counter = 21;

  public handleOnClick(stateCounter: number) {
    this.counter++;
  }
}

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